Volcanoes In Indonesia

 

 - Bromo, Java

Is your trip to Indonesia via the island of Java? The Bromo volcano is a stop not to be missed. Rising 2,329 meters above sea level and located a hundred kilometers from the city of Surabaya, the volcano, named after the god Brahma, emerges in the middle of a gray plain. This expanse, itself the result of an ancient crater, gives the panorama an air of apocalypse. Every year, this mountain, still active, is visited by many tourists. Especially at dawn, which offers a fascinating spectacle. Look from Mount Penanjankan, including its neighbours Mount Batok and the Semeru volcano. Impressive!

 

- Merapi, Java

Merapi is located in Java, in the center of the island, 30km north of Yogyarkarta. Its name GunungMerapi means "the mountain of fire". With its 2,900 meters high, it is considered the most dangerous volcano in Indonesia and one of the most active on the planet! Indeed, its eruptions are frequent, the last one being in 2010. The first two villages located near the crater having almost disappeared, a ban on habitation was decreed. That same year, the surrounding population had to be evacuated, which did not prevent 350 deaths. Nevertheless, its ascent is perfectly possible and worth the effort! On its slopes, take the time to walk through the rice fields. At the summit, the smells of sulphur and fumaroles promise you a total change of scenery and no doubt a bit of adrenaline. Finally, Merapi is considered sacred by the Javanese. When it begins to rumble, offerings are poured into a river to soothe it.

 

- Mount Batur, Bali

Many roads lead to the top of Mount Batur. Its panoramas are grandiose whether it is during a boat trip on the lake that stretches between its walls or whether it is during an ascent of the volcano and the tour of its still smoking craters. The Batur is one of the most enchanting sites in Bali. Fertile volcanic soil, lush high altitude vegetation... An unforgettable experience.

 

- Mount Rinjani, Lombok

Welcome to the 2nd highest volcano in Indonesia (3.805 m). Conquering the Rinjani is something you have to earn. But what a spectacle! Bivouac at the edge of the lake where the stars reflect, crossing its tropical forest, descent to the bottom of the crater...

For the Sasaks and Balinese of Lombok, the Rinjani is a sacred mountain. Thus, a great pilgrimage - Pekelem - takes place there during the full moon of October or November. One implores there the coming of the rain and one collects there the water of the lake where one will have thrown offerings.

The national park is a sanctuary threatened by the tourism boom and poaching. The wildlife of Lombok finds its last refuge here.

 

- Mount Kelimutu, Flores

The "Volcan aux TroisLacs" is best known for the tricoloured lakes perched on its summit. Located at an altitude of 1,639 m, these mystical and multicoloured lakes offer a panoramic view of the summit, which seems particularly ethereal when combined with a dazzling sunrise. Each of these lakes has its own colour, changing from soothing turquoise to absolute black over the years. The hiking trail to the summit of Mount Kelimutu is a fairly convenient stairway - start early and bring your sarong to fight the cold.

 

- Mount Krakatoa, Lumpung

Krakatoa, also known as Krakatau, is a volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra. The eruption of Mount Krakatoa in 1883 was noted as one of the most violent volcanic events ever recorded. The huge explosion blew more than 4,000 km to Australia and India. This massive explosion caused a giant tsunami whose dust remained in the stratosphere for several years afterwards, killing more than 35,000 people.

 

Mount Krakatoa is still a very active volcano. To climb it, one must take precautions and camp overnight on the island of Rakata, from where one can enjoy the view of Krakatoa's eruption during the night. Otherwise, one must stay in the nearby hotels on the mainland.

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